Connects with B&O RR




Frame Black 414110
Trucks Black 414110
Body main color faded SF blue 414150, add 5 drops white
Body main color new SF blue 414150
Body second color CSX yellow 414215
Body separator stripe none
Handrails, grabs SF blue 414150
Stanchions SF blue 414150
Walkway SF blue 414150
Edge Walkway CSX yellow 414215
Lettering yellow
Number boards black, white numbers
All color mixes are based on PollyScale Acrylics paint numbers. All bottle sizes are 1 fluid ounce size. Capful refers to the cap on the bottle. HK=Herald King decals for reference only these are no longer available. MS=Microscale Decals C=Custom made on Alps Printer DECALS FOR ALL SCHEMES
decals Blue & yellow MS #87-47
decals solid blue MS #87-401 (hood units 70's)
decals solid blue MS #87-881 (hood units 60's)
decals solid blue MS #87-875 (hood & switchers 50-60's)



Lately I have been indexing C&O freight car paint schemes, as shown in Dave Hickox's C&O Color Guide to Freight and Passenger Equipment, in various Car Cyc's, and in other publications. I am beginning to make sense out of the 246 freight car shots I've found, but still have some questions, for the C&O experts: Prewar - first of all, in or before 1935, it appears C&O used a Roman "Chesapeake and Ohio" without any logo/herald. This road name was centered high on hoppers and gondolas, low on cabooses, and was stacked in 3 lines on the right side of house cars. At this time, reporting marks were bar over C&O over number over bar, all in a Roman font, as was all the data. When did this scheme really replace the "US Safety Appliances" lettering circa 1919 which can be seen on a gondola in the 1940 Cyc, p225? Circa 1947, C&O cabooses continued to be red with black roofs, but added the first phase C&O for Progress herald, often centered between the windows. This Phase I herald was distinguished by the wavy "smoky line" above Progress, and the fact the "O" overlapped Progress a little. Circa 1948, freight cars got the phase I "C&O for Progress" herald, usually used on the right panel or right end of the side. It seems strange that cabooses got the herald a year early, but the evidence points there. Circa 1955, freight cars got the phase II Progress herald, with no wave in the "smoke line" and a little space between the O and the word Progress under it. Except for the logo, all other car lettering still looks like the C&O version of railroad Roman. But in 1956, according to Dave on page 45 (Color Guide),hopper car lettering became Futura Demi Bold Gothic, and yellow to boot. This FDBG is used both for the reporting marks (C&O over number) and for (small)data markings. Also in 1956, C&O cabooses were first painted yellow with blue FDBG lettering. But then in 1957, C&O cabooses started getting a vermilion frame stripe, and also got gray roofs that year (Color Guide p114). In 1957, it appears gondolas, hoppers, and flats were black and got yellow frame stripes for the first time. However, a C&O pig flat (later conveyed to Trailer Train) delivered in 1959 did not have the yellow frame stripe (CG p 76). I'm outright confused about whether the red/white Roman 1955 boxcar scheme continued through the 1956-1961 period, or whether there were (also?) black boxcars with yellow FDBG lettering and a yellow frame stripe. I have not yet indexed any pictures that support the existence of such a black/yellow scheme on boxcars. In 1961, "specially equipped" or "specially assigned" boxcars appeared in black with a white frame stripe, white FDBG lettering, and white phase II "Progress" herald (CG p24). Again in 1961, it appears the standard paint for hoppers, gondolas, and flats went to a similar black body with white including white frame stripe. To confuse things, this same scheme appears to have been on at least one covered hopper the year before in 1960 (CG p59). Then in 1962, we see the white stripe omitted on black gondolas (Railroad Car Journal Volume 5 Gondolas p26), on covered hoppers (CG p 61), and on flats (CG p69). Also, by 1962 (should this be earlier?), non-equipped box cars were painted red, with white FDBG lettering (CG p30). But the white stripe on hopper cars seems to have continued until about 1965, when it was dropped (CG p 43). By 1966 (earlier ?), the vermilion frame stripe on cabooses was dropped, simplifying the yellow paint scheme in the period when some woodsheathed cabs were being resheathed in plywood. But then in 1968, new International wide vision cabooses were delivered in blue with yellow lettering. Steel caboose rebuilds (e.g. C-15C class) followed in 1968 through at least 1970 also using this blue/yellow 1968 scheme. Note that this 1968 blue caboose scheme is a lot like a scheme used 1962-1972 on cars equipped with cushion underframes. This cushion car scheme was distinguished by a blue body with yellow FDBG lettering but with "Cushioned Underframe" in a uniquely squared yellow script. House cars with this cushioned scheme had yellow doors 1962-1964, but blue or unpainted aluminum doors after 1964. Also, a version of this same blue cushion car scheme was used in the same period on cushioned coil cars. Additionally, there were RBLs in this period with the colors reversed, with yellow bodies and blue FDBG lettering/blue doors, carrying "Insulated Cushioned Underframe" in blue script. Presumably, repaints into Chessie's cracked plate started in 1973, but that's another subject. On an allied note, it appears many of the above phases appeared also on B&O equipment, at least after about 1962. I can neither confirm nor deny that the B&O changes happened at the same time as on the C&O, but the appearance of C&O's Futura Demi Bold Gothic on B&O freight stock is unmistakable. I'm betting someone else has done this before, only better. Can anybody help me? Rick Tipton 05/31/01 Enchantment Blue and Federal Yellow 1957 LCL Service Cars Only Body was Enchantment Blue upper two-thirds (including roof) and Federal Yellow lower third Lettering and markings: Contrasting Futura Demi-bold Second gen C&O for Progress monogram 1959-1972 Cushion Underframe Cars Only Body was Enchantment Blue with Federal Yellow lettering and markings for non-insulated cars Body was Federal yellow with Enchantment Blue lettering and markings for insulated cars C&O Freight Cars Script "Cushion Underframe" Galvanized roof Freight Car Red Cars 1963 -1972 end-of-car cushion or non-cushioned cars Body is almost Tuscan Red, ends might be black on some White Futura Demi-bold lettering and markings Galvanized roofs on newer cars Freight Car Black Cars 1956-1958 new cars Body was black Lettering and markings were either white or Federal Yellow Monogram was either C&O for Progress or C&O over Chesapeake & Ohio on left side only White sill visibility strip Galv roof left unpainted 1959-1962 end-of-cushion and non-cushioned cars Body: Reddish-brown with black ends White lettering and markings Second gen mono 1959-1962 end-of-car cushioned and non-cushioned with DF, SEl, & LQ load restraining devices Black body White Futura Demi-bold lettering White visiability strips on sills Second gen mono Galv roof if new Regular box cars went Freight Car Brown (Reddish-brown by this PS-1 time) to black and back to Freight Car Brown (almost Tuscan Red) Alfred Kresee


According to Robert Henry (This Fascinating Railroad Business, 1942): "Time
was when many railroads had their own distinctive colors, such as the
varying yellows of the Chesapeake & Ohio . . ." 

In the '31 Cyc., there was a heavyweight RPO, which had the roadname, with
ampersand, in an extended Roman, centered on the letter board.

According to the "Color Chart" in the Oct. '44 MR, all their passenger
equipment was olive green, including the sash, steps, trucks, and fronts of
the equipment boxes. The underframe and the rest of the equipment boxes were
black, as was the roof, hand holds, drip molding, and diaphragms. The
lettering was gold leaf, with imitation gold enamel (Dulux) on some.

According to a table in the Nov. 15, '47 RA, the streamlined train (Pere
Marquette) was delivered to the Pere Marquette in 1946, which Fritz Milhaupt
said then passed to the C&O with the PM merger in '47.

All the same, Milhaupt said, the paint scheme on the Pere Marquette
streamliner cars served as the prototype for the C&O's own giant order of
cars from Pullman Standard, delivered in 1950. The chief difference was that
the script lettering on the letterboard on the Pere Marquette streamliner
cars was plated steel, while on the C&O cars the script lettering was
painted in dark blue.

For what it's worth, IHC in the '94 Walthers catalog offered their
heavyweight cars in a blue, yellow, and gray scheme. In the '53 Cyc., a
Pullman corrugated steel car seemed to indicate this scheme, which I think
had a stainless steel corrugated panel, a blue window band and a yellow
letter board. The roadname was in script.

CDS has a set (no. 551) for C&O streamlined cars, said to be c. '53. The
roof, ends, window band and lettering were black, the letter board yellow,
the bottom below the belt rail was gray or stainless steel, the trucks and
underframe black. The herald, when used, was imitation gold and placed at
the end of the window band. The roadname was in script on the letter board.
(Milhaupt said this diagram - or my reading of it - was wrong in that the
window band was always the same blue as the PM cars, never black.

Milhaupt said there were two more schemes that the C&O used on their
streamlined cars, that of the stillborn Chessie, and the variant applied to
the Chessie cars when they were put into the general passenger pool. They
are less important, and may not even be worthy of mention here, but here
they are, nonetheless.

As delivered, these stainless steel fluted Budd cars had orange
letterboards, with the words "The Chessie" in the C&O's script in dark blue.
A "doughtnut" C&O herald (without the words "For Progress") was painted in
blue on the stainless steel next to the passenger door at the end of the

When the Chessie train was canceled, these cars were reassigned to the
general pool. Several cars ran in Michigan for a while, and eventually all
but four were sold to other railroads. While in general service, they had a
yellow letterboard with dark blue lettering, and the "doughnut" herald next
to the door. These, and the later Budd RDCs, were the only all-stainless
cars on the C&O. The RDCs had stainless letterboards with blue Futura
lettering, and yellow stripes on the ends.

All of this information is supported by photographs and text in Chesapeake &
Ohio Streamliners: Second to None: by James Kemper Millard and in Chesapeake
& Ohio Color Guide to Freight and Passenger Cars by David Hickox.

Milhaupt pointed out that the irony of the blue and yellow paint on the PM
and C&O passenger equipment is that the PM (and later C&O) didn't actually
serve Ann Arbor, MI, yet adopted the colors of the University of Michigan.
This, despite the fact that the PM ran across the campus of Michigan State
University in East Lansing (whose colors were green and white).

S.A. McCall