WHAT IS IT ?
Phenol was isolated for the first time from coal tar, in 1834. At room temperature, it is a white, crystalline material that melts at 41 degrees C (105 degrees F). Initially, its disinfecting properties were discovered and used to treat wounds. Soon thereafter, the synthetic potential of phenol was realized and a vast number of derivatives were synthesized, preparing the ground for today's high-quality, high-value phenol derived products.
With phenol extracted from coal tar, it took an extreme effort to meet a 99.6% purity.
HOW IS IT MADE ?
Gasoline Refineries produce gasoline, aviation fuel, kerosene, heating oil, residual fuel, propane and butane. In addition, they also produce petrochemical feedstocks, one which is Cumene.
Cumene is a chemical manufactured during the refining process by combining benzene and propylene. It can also be found in the oils of some plants. Cumene is used to make Phenol, an intermediate chemical used in the manufacture of many consumer products including building materials and plastics.
HOW IS IT SHIPPED ?
Phenol is shipped in tank cars, insulated and heated to keep the Phenol liquid. Usually unloaded by pumping.
© S.A. McCall