CHLORINE

HOW IS IT MADE ?
Chlorine and Caustic Soda are produced from salt and water. An electrochemical process separates chlorine from the salt and combines the remaining sodium with hydrogen and oxygen from the water to produce sodium hydroxide, or caustic soda. At ordinary temperatures, chlorine is a greenish-yellow gas that can readily be liquefied under pressure. Chlorine is produced as a gas, pressurized and stored in pressure vessels.
HOW IS IT SHIPPED ?
Chlorine is shipped as a liquid in steel bottles to small users or in ICC105 tank cars to large users. Unloading is done by hoses from the tank car to a closed pressure vessel.
WHAT IS IT USED FOR ?
Virtually all the nations water supplies are purified thru introduction of chlorine into the systems.
Chlorine-containing compounds are important intermediates in the manufacture of Vitamin C.
In addition to water disinfection, chlorine and its derivatives are used to treat sewage and industrial effluent, and as household and industrial bleaches to maintain and improve hygiene standards.
Chlorine is an essential intermediate in the production of polycarbonates and polyurethanes.
**POLYCARBONATES & POLYURETHANES ARE USED TO PRODUCE**
Telecommunication and Electronic Equipment
Electrical goods
Automotive Parts
Sports Equipment
**OTHER PRODUCTS WHICH USE CHLORINE**
Paints
Agrochemicals(pesticides)
Pigments(Titanium Dioxide)
Epoxy Resins
PVC(Poly Vinyl Chloride)
Ferric Chloride(Waste water treatment)
Silicones(lubricants, sealants etc)
Compact Discs
Bleaching Pulp & Paper
Preparing Bromine
Tetraethyl lead(Gasoline additive)
S.A. McCall